You've been having blurry vision with occasional patches of gray showing up. A visit to your optometrist to check your vision results in them suspecting that you have early stages of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Getting this diagnosed early is important because it can easily cause you to permanently lose part of your vision. Here is what you need to know about this eye disease and how it can be treated before you lose your sight.
Two Forms of AMD
An ophthalmologist will do more definitive tests on your eyes to determine which form of this disease you have. This determines the types of treatment available to you.
With this form, small blood vessels develop on your retina. These blood vessels are weak and allow fluid to escape out and onto the surface of the retina. The fluid collects on the retina and blocks the light, causing the gray areas you see.
Instead of wet areas on your retina, dry crusty areas form in the center of the retina. As these accumulate, you'll notice darker patches in your vision.
Treatment Options for Your AMD
Neither form of AMD can be cured, but they can be slowed down to prevent the further loss of vision. Existing vision loss cannot be reversed. It's important to get treated early to prevent significant loss of vision that can't be restored.
Wet AMD Treatments
Medication - A substance is injected into the eye to prevent the growth of the weak blood vessels. Existing blood vessels will shrink until they are absorbed by the body. You may need periodic injections to continue stopping the growth of the tiny blood vessels.
Another medication is available that is injected into the bloodstream and makes its way into the blood vessels in the eye. A special light is placed on the retina to activate the medication which causes the blood vessels to shrink. You may also have to continue with this treatment to prevent new blood vessels from becoming a problem.
Laser surgery - Performed in an eye surgery center, a laser is used to target and destroy the leaking blood vessels. It can also dry up some of the freshly deposited fluid on the retina surface.
Dry AMD Treatments
Vitamin therapy - Increasing levels of vitamin C, E, A, zinc and copper in your diet can reduce the amount of fluid that leaks from the blood vessels.
Laser surgery - This is rarely used to treat dry AMD because it can trigger the development of the wet variety. In severe cases, it may be used to dry up some of the deposits and improve your vision.
For further assistance, contact a local optometrist, such as one from Dixie Ophthalmic Specialists at Zion Eye Institute.Share
15 October 2015
After I realized that I had a vision problem, I decided to wait awhile before visiting the eye doctor. Although my vision seemed to grow worse on a daily basis, I was nervous about wearing glasses or contacts. However, I knew that I needed to make a change. After almost getting into an accident on the freeway, I headed straight to the nearest opticians office. My doctor evaluated my eyesight, and told me that I had an astigmatism and bad near-sightedness. He prescribed corrective lenses, and you wouldn't believe how big of a difference they made. This blog is all about having the courage to get help with your vision.